# Glossary of geometric terms of location (parallel, transverse, perpendicular, etc.)

English English definition Dutch Dutch definition
next to aangrenzend -
• axial
along the center of a round body, or the axis of rotation of a body
• axiaal
• rond een as
van/met betrekking tot een as
• azimuthal
• circumferential
following around a curve or circumference of an object. For instance, the pattern of cells in Taylor–Couette flow varies along the azimuth of the experiment.
• azimutaal
• van / aan de omtrek
• rondom
• rondlopend
• rondgaand
• perifeer
-
• collinear
in the same line
• collineair
-
• degree of freedom
axis direction, see six degrees of freedom
• mate van vrijheid
-
• elevation
along a curve from a point on the horizon to the zenith, directly overhead.
• verhoging
• aanzicht (m.b.t. tekening of ontwerp)
• elevatie (hoogte, niveau)
• verticale projectie [CIV.ENG., BUILD.]
-
• depression
along a curve from a point on the horizon to the nadir, directly below. - -
• lateral
spanning the width of a body. The distinction between width and length may be unclear out of context.
• zijdelings
• lateraal (overdwars)
-
• lineal
following along a given path. The shape of the path is not necessarily straight (compare to linear). For instance, a length of rope might be measured in lineal meters or feet. See arc length. - -
• longitudinal
spanning the length of a body.
• overlangs
• longitudinaal
• langs-
-
• orthogonal
1. at a right angle (at the point of intersection). (Wikipedia)
2. ‘Of or involving right angles; at right angles.’ (Oxforddictionaries.com)
• orthogonaal
• orthogonisch
• rechthoekig
• orthogonisch
• = met loodrecht op elkaar staande ribben, asymptoten, snijlijnen enz.
• parallel
in the same direction.
• parallel
• evenwijdig
-
• perpendicular
• at right angles
• at 90 degrees
• square
1. ‘at right angles to, synonym to orthogonal’ (Wikipedia)
2. ‘At an angle of 90° to a given line, plane, or surface or to the ground’ (Oxforddictionaries.com)
• loodrecht
• haaks
• perpendiculair
• rechtstandig
• loodrecht
• = een hoek van 90° vormend met een andere lijn of een vlak (Van Dale)
• perpendicular transversal
A line that cuts across two or more (usually parallel) lines is a ‘transversal’. If it crosses the parallel lines at right angles it is called a ‘perpendicular transversal’

See: Steph Groom's answer @ https://www.quora.com/What-is-the-difference-between-transverse-and-perpendicular

• loodrechte transversaal
along a direction pointing along a radius from the center of an object, or perpendicular to a curved path.
-
• tangential
intersecting a curve at a point and parallel to the curve at that point.
• tangentieel
• rakend
-
1. ‘Intersecting at any angle, i.e. not parallel’ (Wikipedia)
2. ‘Situated or extending across something’ (Oxforddictionaries.com)
• dwars
• transversaal
• dwarsliggend
• transversaal (een stelsel van lijnen of vlakken snijdend)
• transvers
• kruiselings
• overdwars
• dwars
• = een richting hebbend resp. in een richting, loodrecht op een andere (de hoofdrichting) of althans die andere onder een bijna rechte hoek snijdend
• transversaal
• = een stelsel van lijnen of vlakken snijdend
• vertical
spanning the height of a body.
• verticaal
-