Glossary of geometric terms of location (parallel, transverse, perpendicular, etc.)

From Termhotel.com

English English definition Dutch Dutch definition
  • adjacent
next to aangrenzend -
  • axial
along the center of a round body, or the axis of rotation of a body
  • axiaal
  • rond een as
van/met betrekking tot een as
  • azimuthal
  • circumferential
following around a curve or circumference of an object. For instance, the pattern of cells in Taylor–Couette flow varies along the azimuth of the experiment.
  • azimutaal
  • van / aan de omtrek
  • rondom
  • rondlopend
  • rondgaand
  • perifeer
-
  • collinear
in the same line
  • collineair
-
  • degree of freedom
axis direction, see six degrees of freedom
  • vrijheidsgraad
  • mate van vrijheid
  • graad van vrijheid
-
  • elevation
along a curve from a point on the horizon to the zenith, directly overhead.
  • verhoging
  • aanzicht (m.b.t. tekening of ontwerp)
  • elevatie (hoogte, niveau)
  • verticale projectie [CIV.ENG., BUILD.]
-
  • depression
along a curve from a point on the horizon to the nadir, directly below. - -
  • lateral
spanning the width of a body. The distinction between width and length may be unclear out of context.
  • zijdelings
  • lateraal (overdwars)
-
  • lineal
following along a given path. The shape of the path is not necessarily straight (compare to linear). For instance, a length of rope might be measured in lineal meters or feet. See arc length. - -
  • longitudinal
spanning the length of a body.
  • overlangs
  • longitudinaal
  • langs-
-
  • orthogonal
  1. at a right angle (at the point of intersection). (Wikipedia)
  2. ‘Of or involving right angles; at right angles.’ (Oxforddictionaries.com)
  • orthogonaal
  • orthogonisch
  • rechthoekig
  • orthogonisch
    • = met loodrecht op elkaar staande ribben, asymptoten, snijlijnen enz.
  • parallel
in the same direction.
  • parallel
  • evenwijdig
-
  • perpendicular[1]
  • at right angles
  • at 90 degrees
  • square
  1. ‘at right angles to, synonym to orthogonal’ (Wikipedia)
  2. ‘At an angle of 90° to a given line, plane, or surface or to the ground’ (Oxforddictionaries.com)
  • loodrecht
  • haaks
  • perpendiculair
  • rechtstandig
  • loodrecht
    • = een hoek van 90° vormend met een andere lijn of een vlak (Van Dale)
  • perpendicular transversal
A line that cuts across two or more (usually parallel) lines is a ‘transversal’. If it crosses the parallel lines at right angles it is called a ‘perpendicular transversal’


See: Steph Groom's answer @ https://www.quora.com/What-is-the-difference-between-transverse-and-perpendicular

  • loodrechte transversaal
  • radial
along a direction pointing along a radius from the center of an object, or perpendicular to a curved path.
  • radiaal
-
  • tangential
intersecting a curve at a point and parallel to the curve at that point.
  • tangentieel
  • rakend
-
  1. ‘Intersecting at any angle, i.e. not parallel’ (Wikipedia)
  2. ‘Situated or extending across something’ (Oxforddictionaries.com)
  • dwars
  • transversaal
  • dwarsliggend
  • transversaal (een stelsel van lijnen of vlakken snijdend)
  • transvers
  • kruiselings
  • overdwars
  • dwars
    • = een richting hebbend resp. in een richting, loodrecht op een andere (de hoofdrichting) of althans die andere onder een bijna rechte hoek snijdend
  • transversaal
    • = een stelsel van lijnen of vlakken snijdend
  • vertical
spanning the height of a body.
  • verticaal
-

External links

References

  1. Synonyms of ‘perpendicular’: at right angles, at 90 degrees, square
  2. Synonyms of ‘transverse’: crosswise, crossways, cross, diagonal, horizontal, oblique, athwart